John Huston

5 Aug 1906 - 28 Aug 1987

Director, Actor, Writer, Producer

John Marcellus Huston (August 5, 1906 – August 28, 1987) was an American film director, screenwriter and actor. He wrote most of the 37 feature films he directed, many of which are today considered classics: The Maltese Falcon (1941), The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948), Key Largo (1948), The Asphalt Jungle (1950), The African Queen (1951), Moulin Rouge (1952), The Misfits (1961), and The Man Who Would Be King (1975). During his 46-year career, Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, winning twice, and directed both his father, Walter Huston, and daughter, Anjelica Huston to Oscar wins in different films.

Huston was known to direct with the vision of an artist, having studied and worked as a fine art painter in Paris in his early years. He continued to explore the visual aspects of his films throughout his career: sketching each scene on paper beforehand, then carefully framing his characters during the shooting. In addition, while most directors rely on post-production editing to shape their final work, Huston instead created his films while they were being shot, making his films both more economical and more cerebral, with little editing needed.

Most of Huston's films were adaptations of important novels, often depicting a “heroic quest," as in Moby Dick, or The Red Badge of Courage. In many films, different groups of people, while struggling toward a common goal, would become doomed or "destructive alliances,” giving the films a dramatic and visual tension. Many of his themes also involved some of the "grand narratives" of the twentieth century, such as religion, meaning, truth, freedom, psychology, colonialism and war.

Before becoming a Hollywood filmmaker, he had been an amateur boxer, reporter, short-story writer, portrait artist in Paris, a cavalry rider in Mexico, and a documentary filmmaker during World War II. Huston has been referred to as "a titan," "a rebel" and a "renaissance man," in the Hollywood film industry. Author Ian Freer describes him as "cinema's Ernest Hemingway," — a filmmaker who was "never afraid to tackle tough issues head on." A statue of Huston, sitting in his directorial chair (pictured below), stands in Plaza John Huston Puerto Vallarta in Mexico.

Photos

No photos.

Filmography (48 titles)

(movie, 2015)
···The Other Side of the Wind
Genre: Comedy, Drama
Role: Actor (as J.J. Jake Hannaford)
(movie, 1987)
···Mister Corbett's Ghost
Genre: Drama, Fantasy
Role: Actor (as Soul Collector)
(movie, 1987)
···The Dead
Genre: Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1986)
···Momo
Genre: Comedy, Fantasy, Mystery, Science Fiction, Family
Role: Actor (as Meister Hora)
(movie, 1985)
···Prizzi's Honor
Genre: Comedy, Crime, Drama, Romance
Role: Director
(movie, 1984)
···Under the Volcano
Genre: Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1983)
···A Minor Miracle
Genre: Drama, Family, Sport
Role: Actor (as Father Cardinas)
(movie, 1982)
···Annie
Genre: Comedy, Drama, Music, Family
Role: Director
(movie, 1981)
···Escape to Victory
Genre: Action, Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1980)
···The Return of the King
Genre: Animation, Fantasy, Family
Role: Actor (as Gandalf)
(movie, 1979)
···Winter Kills
Genre: Drama, Thriller
Role: Actor (as Pa Kegan)
(movie, 1979)
···Wise Blood
Genre: Comedy, Drama
Role: Actor (as Grandfather)
(movie, 1978)
···Il grande attacco
Genre: Drama, War
Role: Actor (as Sean O'Hara)
(movie, 1977)
···The Hobbit
Genre: Adventure, Animation, Family
Role: Actor (as Gandalf the Grey)
(movie, 1975)
···The Man Who Would Be King
Genre: Adventure, Drama
Role: Director, Writer
(movie, 1975)
···The Wind and the Lion
Genre: Action, Adventure, Drama, History
Role: Actor (as John Hay)
(movie, 1974)
···Chinatown
Genre: Crime, Drama, Mystery, Thriller
Role: Actor (as Noah Cross)
(movie, 1973)
···The MacKintosh Man
Genre: Thriller
Role: Director
Genre: Action, Comedy, Western
Role: Actor, Director
(movie, 1972)
···Fat City
Genre: Drama
Role: Director, Producer
(movie, 1970)
···The Kremlin Letter
Genre: Thriller
Role: Director
(movie, 1969)
···A Walk with Love and Death
Genre: Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1969)
···Sinful Davey
Genre: Adventure, Comedy, Crime
Role: Director
(movie, 1967)
···Casino Royale
Genre: Adventure, Action, Comedy
Role: Actor, Director
(movie, 1967)
···Reflections in a Golden Eye
Genre: Drama, Romance, Thriller
Role: Director
Genre: Drama, Foreign
Role: Actor, Director
Genre: Drama
Role: Actor, Director
(movie, 1964)
···The Night of the Iguana
Genre: Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1963)
···The Cardinal
Genre: Drama, History, War
Role: Actor (as Kardinal Glennon)
(movie, 1963)
···The List of Adrian Messenger
Genre: Crime, Drama, Mystery
Role: Director
(movie, 1962)
···Freud
Genre: Biography, Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1961)
···The Misfits
Genre: Action, Drama, Romance
Role: Director
(movie, 1960)
···The Unforgiven
Genre: Action, Drama, Western
Role: Director
(movie, 1957)
···Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
Genre: Adventure, Drama, War
Role: Director, Writer
(movie, 1956)
···Moby Dick
Genre: Action, Adventure, Drama
Role: Actor, Director, Producer, Writer
(movie, 1953)
···Beat the Devil
Genre: Adventure, Comedy, Crime, Drama
Role: Director, Producer, Writer
(movie, 1952)
···Moulin Rouge
Genre: Drama, Foreign, Music
Role: Director, Producer, Writer
(movie, 1951)
···The African Queen
Genre: Action, Adventure, Drama, History, Romance
Role: Director, Writer
(movie, 1951)
···The Red Badge of Courage
Genre: Drama, War
Role: Director
(movie, 1950)
···The Asphalt Jungle
Genre: Action, Crime, Drama, Thriller
Role: Director, Writer
(movie, 1949)
···We Were Strangers
Genre: Adventure, Drama, Romance
Role: Director
(movie, 1948)
···Key Largo
Genre: Action, Drama, Thriller
Role: Director, Writer
Genre: Action, Adventure, Drama, Western
Role: Actor, Director, Writer
(movie, 1942)
···Across the Pacific
Genre: Adventure, Drama, Romance, War
Role: Director
(movie, 1942)
···In This Our Life
Genre: Drama
Role: Director
(movie, 1941)
···The Maltese Falcon
Genre: Crime, Drama, Thriller
Role: Director, Writer
(movie, 1941)
···High Sierra
Genre: Adventure, Crime, Drama, Thriller
Role: Writer
(movie, 1939)
···Wuthering Heights
Genre: Drama, Romance
Role: Writer